The mission of EnChroma is to help the color blind experience a more colorful world. Learn some facts about color blindness, take a color blind test, and watch some testimonial videos!
How EnChroma was invented
EnChroma Chief Scientist and co-founder Don McPherson, Ph.D., had no inkling that his love for playing Ultimate Frisbee would send him on a lifelong mission to help the color blind. Don was playing Ultimate Frisbee while wearing special eyewear he had developed to protect the eyes of doctors from lasers during surgeries. He liked how the glasses enhanced colors. One of his teammates – who is color blind – asked to try on the glasses. He marveled at all the colors he could see that he had never seen before. A light bulb went on. Don began exploring why the glasses might help the color blind better see colors. Co-founder Andy Schmeder, CEO, joined Don and developed sophisticated computer models that simulated wavelengths of light and color vision deficiency. With the support of three National Institutes of Health (NIH) SBIR grants, EnChroma was born seven years later in 2010.
Facts about Color Blindness
- There are an estimated 300 million people in the world with color vision deficiency.
- 1 in 12 men are color blind (8%).
- 1 in 200 women are color blind (0.5%).
- While color blindness is often considered a mild disability, studies estimate that two-thirds of people with CVD feel it’s a handicap.
- Red-green color blindness doesn’t mean only color confusion with red and green colors, but the whole color spectrum can cause confusion.
- Color blindness is typically inherited genetically and carried recessively on the X chromosome.
- A father can’t pass his red-green color blindness on to his sons.
- If a woman is red-green color blind, all her sons will also be color blind.
- John Dalton wrote the first scientific paper on color blindness. Color blindness is also referred to as Daltonism.
- It’s extremely rare, but it’s possible to have normal color vision in one eye and color blindness in the other eye. This is called unilateral dichromacy.
- The popular “red means bad and green means good” is a poor design for people with color blindness. A better choice would to use red–blue and yellow–blue color combinations.
- Lots of color blind people are surprised to find out that peanut butter is not green.